A free trade agreement between the UK and the EU will top the to-do list. This will be essential if the UK is to continue trading with the EU after the transition, without tariffs, quotas or other barriers. The deadline set in the withdrawal agreement until 1 July 2020 for the extension of the transitional period has passed without the European Union and the United Kingdom agreeing on an extension in the Joint Committee. During the transitional period, the UK will implement the EU`s international agreements. However, the UK can take steps to prepare and create its own international agreements. If these agreements cover areas within the exclusive competence of the Union, they can only enter into force or enter into force during the transitional period if the UK has been expressly authorised for this purpose by the EU. The agreement covers issues such as money, citizens` rights, border agreements and dispute resolution. It also includes a transition period and an overview of the future relationship between the UK and the EU. It was published on 14 November 2018 and was the result of the Brexit negotiations. The agreement was approved by the heads of state and government of the other 27 EU countries and by the British government led by Prime Minister Theresa May, but it faced opposition from the British Parliament, which needed approval for ratification. The approval of the European Parliament would also have been necessary.
On January 15, 2019, the House of Commons rejected the withdrawal agreement by 432 votes to 202.  The House of Commons again rejected the agreement by 391 votes to 242 on 12 March 2019 and rejected it a third time, on 29 March 2019, by 344 votes to 286. On 22 October 2019, the revised withdrawal agreement negotiated by Boris Johnson`s government approved the first phase in Parliament, but Johnson halted the legislative process when the accelerated approval programme failed to receive the necessary support and announced his intention to declare a general election.  On 23 January 2020, Parliament ratified the agreement by adopting the withdrawal agreement; On 29 January 2020, the European Parliament approved the withdrawal agreement. It was then concluded by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020. UK citizens do not need an EU entry visa for short trips. The EU has stated that British citizens travelling to the Schengen area (mostly EU member states) for a short stay (90 days over a 180-day period) will be allowed to travel without a visa. But for extended stays, Member States` own rules are likely to apply. The idea behind the transition period is to give some air to breathe during further negotiations between Britain and the EU.
The post-Brexit transition period is due to end on 31 December 2020. The UK and the EU are still negotiating for an agreement on a treaty (or a number of treaties) that could enter into force at the end of the transition period. The UK left the EU on 31 January 2020 at midnight (23:00 GMT). A transitional period is now in effect until 31 December 2020. During this period, all EU laws and regulations continue to apply in the UK. For businesses and the public, virtually nothing will change. This will give everyone more time to prepare for the new agreements that the EU and the UK intend to conclude after 31 December 2020. On 22 October, the British Parliament agreed to review the Brexit Act. But she decided it took longer than the British Prime Minister had proposed. This means that it is no longer possible to withdraw with an agreement on the planned date of Brexit, 31 October.
The Brexit deal will not come into force until the Brexit law is passed by the British Parliament. The EU has formally informed its international partners of the UK`s withdrawal and the transitional arrangements provided for by the withdrawal agreement, including with regard to international EU agreements, in a verbal note, which has also been approved by the United Kingdom.